Concerto per Violino (in La Maggiore)
Composed: 1903/2009 [Respighi – Di Vittorio]
Published: 2009, Panastudio/Casa Ricordi (Universal Music)
Orchestra: 2,2,2,2;4,2;timp;str;solo violino
Duration: 21 min.
13 February 2010
Chamber Orchestra of New York; S. Di Vittorio, conductor
Church of St. Jean Baptiste, New York
23-24 November 2012
Orchestra Sinfonica Siciliana di Palermo; S. Di Vittorio, conductor
Teatro Politeama, Palermo
Recordings: 2011, Respighi Discoveries, Naxos
For other premieres of this work, visit: Performances
Commissione dalla famiglia di Ottorino Respighi, pronipoti Elsa Pizzoli Mazzacane e Gloria Pizzoli Mangini, ed il curatore dell’archivio Potito Pedarra,
per la Chamber Orchestra of New York.
Program Notes/Il Programma
In 2008, Potito Pedarra (Respighi family archive curator) acknowledged Di Vittorio’s inherent musical connection with Ottorino Respighi, and with the Respighi heirs invited the Maestro to complete Respighi’s first (unknown) Concerto per Violino (in La Maggiore).
Left unfinished in 1903, the Concerto per Violino pre-dates Respighi’s three completed violin concerti: Concerto all’antica (in A minor) in 1908, Concerto Gregoriano in 1921, and the single movement Poema Autunnale in 1925. This Violin Concerto not only foreshadows the later Respighi known for Pines of Rome, but harks back to the concerto writing of such masters as Vivaldi if not Mendelssohn.
As for the original manuscript, Respighi had completed the first two movements and begun the third movement in piano reduction, with only a few measures orchestrated.
Di Vittorio maintains the nature and musical integrity of the work, which Respighi himself had demonstrated through his original manuscripts. The third movement is modeled as a sort of rondo of musical ideas, culminating from the first two movements. Respighi had already inspired this by creating a third movement principal theme which closely resembled the thematic material of his first movement. With this in mind, Di Vittorio extends the introductory theme along with others from earlier movements, through a series of developing variations and reinvention.
The concluding work embraces Respighi’s vision. And historically, Respighi’s ending in the first movement foreshadows the great master’s later orchestral colors, trills and fanfares, in his arguably greatest work, Pines of Rome.